Rethinking Camera and Algorithm Design for Task-Specific Imaging
A team from MIT Media Lab has posted a new arXiv preprint titled “Physics vs. Learned Priors: Rethinking Camera and Algorithm Design for Task-Specific Imaging”.
Abstract: Cameras were originally designed using physics-based heuristics to capture aesthetic images. In recent years, there has been a transformation in camera design from being purely physics-driven to increasingly data-driven and task-specific. In this paper, we present a framework to understand the building blocks of this nascent field of end-to-end design of camera hardware and algorithms. As part of this framework, we show how methods that exploit both physics and data have become prevalent in imaging and computer vision, underscoring a key trend that will continue to dominate the future of task-specific camera design. Finally, we share current barriers to progress in end-to-end design, and hypothesize how these barriers can be overcome.